There are 3 modes of transportation available from Amsterdam Schiphol Airport(AMS) to the city centre of Amsterdam: Taxi, Train and Bus. The fastest route to the city centre is by hiring an Amsterdam airport taxi. Though it will cost approximately 39€, it will only take 15-20 minutes to reach your destination.
Getting Around in Amsterdam by Public Transportation. Amsterdam has a solid network of bus, tram, metro, train and boat connections. In an otherwise expensive city, traveling by public transport in Amsterdam is a fairly affordable and effective way to get around.
You can buy tickets as you board any bus, most trams or from the machines at any metro station. These are however rather expensive, a single journey (actually you can travel for an hour with this ticket) in Amsterdam will cost €2.90 compared to around €1.20 if you pay by OV Chipkaart.
I amsterdam City Card: Free entrance to the city's top attractions, plus unlimited use of the GVB public transport system for 24, 48 or 72 hours. GVB day passes: Available from 1 to 7 days, with prices starting from €7.50. Valid on trams, buses and metros operated by GVB in Amsterdam.